Archive for the ‘industry’ category

Mineral lands

July 6, 2007



1.    CHECKLIST  of U.S. Public Documents, 1789-1909…Congress.  See first session, December 3, 1849-September 3, 1850.  Serial #551, Vol. 3.  Report on Mineral Lands in Michigan.  See same session, Serial #571, Vol. 3, (pt. 3, 5)



July 6, 2007


See Secretary of State Petitions and Recommendations – Int. Improvement.  Walled Lake Steam Mill Company, January 1, 1836.  $25,000 capital in shares Oakland County of $50 each. Recommends William H. Banks, Hiram Buarritt, William Tenney, Alex Trafer and William S. Adams as Directors.

See correspondence Rev. Fred Gray, 1956.

See Detroit Gazette, July 6, August 10, 1821, regarding team Grist Mill, “Team” is one donkey.

Evans, Oliver.  The Young Miller.  (621.7. E92) in Cass of Storage of 1956.  Effects of Wind Mill sailed of various structures, positions, and quantities of surface.  P157.

Becker, Carl M. “James Leffel:  Double Turbine Water Wheel Inventor,” in OHIO HISTORY, Vol. 75, No. 4 (Autumn, 1966) P200-211 with notes on pages 269-270.  Illustrated.

1.    See LAWS OF MICHIGAN.  See Territorial Laws of Michigan.  V. 3, P.1175-6-7-8 “An Act for the regulation of mills and mill-ponds.”

Iron Works Monroe County

May 15, 2007


Detroit Gazette                                IRON WORKS
December 13, 1822

Iron Works.  We are gratified to find that iron ore has been found in sufficient quantity in the country of Monroe, to induce a gentleman from New York to commence working it.  This ore is said to be very rich, and there is a prospect that enough of iron can be made from it to supply the present demand of the country.

Iron Furnaces

May 15, 2007


1.     MICHIGAN HISTORY – 11:164-166; in Delta County, 4:461-474; in Gogebic County 6:  331, 332; in Gogebic Range 9:371-377; in Marquette County 3: 251, 252; 5:150-166; 6:306, 307; 11:191-207 views of minesll:  193, 196, 199, 201, 203, 205.  Dunathan, Clint, “Fayette” (December 1951) 41:204.  See also 35:505-6 “Fayette Furnace”

2.     Vertical file:  Iron.  MICHIGAN’S UPPER PENINSULA IRON ORE INDUSTRY AND clippings from Marquette MINING JOURNAL and Escanaba DAILY PRESS, 1957.

3.     Brotherton, R. A. “Industry of Iron Ore; Negaunee Centennial” in MICHIGAN HISTORY, 28:199-213.  Similar article in INLAND SEAS, October, 1946, “The Jackson Mine and Negaunee, Michigan.”

4.     MICHIGAN GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF MICHIGAN.  Vol. 1, Part 1:  The Iron Region.

5.     Detroit POST AND TRIBUNE, January 23, 1882.  P9, Col. 1 Mentions Munising Kilns. Ore hauled to the Martel Furnace at St. Ignace. Average over 500 tons per week and from 200 to 300 loads of logs each week.

R. D. Burroughs, Conservation Department, 1957


May 15, 2007

Source:  Schedule 4, Products of Industry, for Port Austin Township, Huron County.

1870 schedule lists W. H. Cooper and Company as manufacturers of grindstones and whet stones, with a capital stock of $14,000.  Power was 30 h.p. steam operation.  Usual machines were lathes, gang of saws and grinder.  Cooper and Co. used 3 lathes, 20 saws, 1 grinder, 1 engine.  They employed 34 males above 15 years of age.  Total wages paid per year was $11,000 for a 9-1/2 month work year.  Raw materials were stone and wood valued at $1,240.  Productions were 1,400 tons of grindstones valued at $16,800.

1880 schedule reports the Lake Huron Grind and whetstone Company, who produced grindstones valued at $35,000; and Worthington and Sons, who produced grindstones valued at $42,000.

Letter from Edward Kirkby, Geological Survey, Department of Conservation, reports 800 men employed in the quarries and mills, taken from page 22 of “Huron County centennial History, 1859-1959,” courtesy of Michigan Bell Telephone Company.

Reported on page 207 of Annual Report of the Commissioner of Mineral Statistics (1882) in the state of Michigan that 3,000 tons of grindstones were produced annually.  The next mention of production may be found on page 157 of the annual report for 1895 when 2,924 tons of grindstones valued at $23,000; 14,357 brushed grindstones valued at $5,742.80; 6,555 gross of scythe stones valued at $13,110; and 1,100 cords of rubble stones valued at $2,757 were produced.

The 1897 production figures from the Annual Report of the Commissioner of Mineral Statistics and the 1898-1899 may be found on page 207 of “Geological report on Huron County, Michigan” by A. C. Lane, Michigan Geological Survey Volume 7, part 2, 1900.

Grindstone City             Port Austin

1897    1898         1899        1897    1898    1899

Loose grindstones (tons)        4,054    3,606        3,855        2,000    1,232    1,576
Mounted (pieces)                6,320               11,292            5,292    8,532
Scythe stone (gross)            5,917    3,957-1/2    4,259        2,500    1,316    1,951
No production statistics were found for the years after 1899.  Part of this lack of information is due to only two companies operating and each wishing to keep its production figures confidential and away from their competitors.

See “Our Rock Riches”, Michigan Geological Survey Bulletin 2.

Glass Industry

May 10, 2007

GLASS INDUSTRY (Macomb County, Mount Clemens.)


1.     Detroit Institute of Arts.  Vol. XXVI, No. 3, 1947.  “Michigan’s earliest glass.”  “In 1835 the Mt. Clemens Glass Works est. by Dr. Ebenizer Hall and his son-in-law, Isaac J. Grovier…”

2.     History of Macomb County.  Leeson, 1884. P530.  “A glass factory was established by Hall and Grover early in the 4th decade of this century.  The factory was located where the mineral works are now situated.  H. H. Coor ady remembers the works, especially to 1837, when he moved into town of Macomb.  He states that works were in full blast when and in operation for some five or six years.”

3.     U.S. Census, Special Schedule.  No. 5 Industry.  P. 1 Macomb.  1860 Town of Macomb. P.O. Utica.  Lists Charles Wolf as manufacturer of earthenware. None other listed this year.  None listed in 1850.  This schedule available 1850-80.

4.     U.S. Census – Population

5.     The Boston Magazine for November, 1783…3 plates, 8vo., stitched, uncut, pp. 40 Boston, 1783.  $35.00 (noted in book cat. 1956).  This is the first number (The Magazine appeared 1783-1786) and it contains 3 plates engraved by John Norman; one of these, entitled “A Glass House”, is the first American item on glass making.

6.     Michigan Board of Agriculture, Report, 1868. P356.

Special report on Glass made in Michigan.  Re:  Detroit Glass Works.

For:  Mr. Sayles, Grand Ledge

See correspondence March 13, 1956

Gerber Company, Fremont, MI

May 10, 2007


1.  American Business, September 1956.  P14 – Wharton, Don.  “Straining for Success.”